The tennis serve is a transfer of linear to angular movement.The motion starts from an angular motions as the server twists the trunk enabling the potential energy to be released in the dominant arm which becomes linear motion as it follows through in the same direction of the ball trajectory.
The tennis serve is the most complex stroke in competitive tennis. 32 The complexity of the movement results from the combination of limb and joint movements required to summate and transfer forces from the ground up through the kinetic chain and out into the ball. Effective servers maximally utilize their entire kinetic chain via the synchronous use of selective muscle groups, segmental rotations, and coordinated lower extremity muscle activation (quadriceps, hamstrings, and hip rotators ...
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A very important physical element for tennis in both movement around the court and the serve is leg strength. The force in powerful shots and serves is initiated by driving the legs and feet into the ground. The harder the legs and feet are driven, the more force that can be generated and potentially transferred to the racquet.
The muscles involved in the serve movement include quadriceps femoris, gluteus, infranspinatus, subscapularis, latissimus dorsi, triceps brachii and forearm (Behm, 1988). According to Ryu et al ...
Aligning with the theme of this month, overhead athletes, today we are going to talk about the biomechanics of the tennis serve. The tennis serve is one of the most complex movements in regards to mechanics. With the amount of force required to generate power from the ground up, it is truly a movement that requires the full kinetic chain. Depending on what research you read, the tennis serve is broken down into approximately 8 stages.
The main muscles being worked here are the hamstrings, quadriceps, calves, and gluteus maximus. Doing this exercise will strengthen the muscles in your legs and increase your explosivness when performing the serve.
This video is about Kinesiology of Tennis Serve
Kibler determined that during the tennis serve approximately 51% of kinetic energy was produced in the trunk/legs with the shoulder contributing 13%, elbow 21%, and wrist 15% . HIP AND TRUNK ROTATION Figures 1c-e highlight the hip and trunk rotation, which represents the next link in the sequence.
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